当前位置: 首页 » 语言翻译考试 » CATTI » 2019年李克强总理政府工作报告(五)

2019年李克强总理政府工作报告(五)

发布日期:2019-03-08      阅读数:149 次

(八)深化重点领域改革,加快完善市场机制。聚焦突出矛盾和关键环节,推动相关改革深化,健全与高质量发展相适应的体制机制,把市场活力和社会创造力充分释放出来。

8. We will deepen reforms in key sectors and speed up the improvement of market mechanisms.

We will focus on resolving acute problems and strengthening key links, deepen relevant reforms, make our systems and mechanisms better able to promote high-quality development, and fully unlock market dynamism and social creativity.

加快国资国企改革。加强和完善国有资产监管,推进国有资本投资、运营公司改革试点,促进国有资产保值增值。积极稳妥推进混合所有制改革。完善公司治理结构,健全市场化经营机制,建立职业经理人等制度。依法处置“僵尸企业”。深化电力、油气、铁路等领域改革,自然垄断行业要根据不同行业特点实行网运分开,将竞争性业务全面推向市场。国有企业要通过改革创新、强身健体,不断增强发展活力和核心竞争力。

We will accelerate state capital and SOE reforms.

We will strengthen and improve the regulation of state assets, and continue to conduct trial reforms to establish state capital investment and management companies, so as to maintain and increase the value of state assets. Reforms to introduce mixed ownership will be actively but prudently advanced.

We will improve corporate governance structures, make their operating mechanisms market-based, and introduce measures and practices such as hiring professional managers.

We will work in accordance with law to address “zombie enterprises.”

Reforms will be deepened in sectors including power, oil and natural gas, and railways. In natural monopoly industries, network ownership and operation will be separated in light of the specific conditions of these industries to make the competitive aspects of their operations fully market based. SOEs should get stronger and healthier through reform and innovation to continue increasing their vitality and core competitiveness.

下大气力优化民营经济发展环境。坚持“两个毫不动摇”,鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展。按照竞争中性原则,在要素获取、准入许可、经营运行、政府采购和招投标等方面,对各类所有制企业平等对待。构建亲清新型政商关系,健全政企沟通机制,激发企业家精神,促进民营经济发展升级。保护产权必须坚定不移,对侵权行为要依法惩处,对错案冤案要有错必纠。要努力打造良好营商环境,让企业家安心搞经营、放心办企业。

We will work for big improvements in the development environment for the private sector.

We will uphold the “two no irresolutions” principle, * and encourage, support, and guide the development of the non- public sector. We will follow the principle of competitive neutrality, so that when it comes to access to factors of production, market access and licenses, business operations, government procurement, public biddings, and so on, enterprises under all forms of ownership will be treated on an equal footing.

(* This refers to no irresolution in consolidating and developing the public sector, and no irresolution in encouraging, supporting, and guiding the development of the non-public sector.)

We will foster a new type of cordial and clean relationship between government and business, improve mechanisms for their communication, inspire entrepreneurial spirit, and promote development and upgrading in the private sector.

In the protection of property rights, we must be firm and unwavering Infringements on property rights will be dealt with in accordance with law and any wrongly adjudicated cases will be corrected. We will strive to create a positive business environment in which entrepreneurs can be free of concerns in doing business and running companies.

深化财税金融体制改革。加大预算公开改革力度,推进中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革。健全地方税体系,稳步推进房地产税立法。规范地方政府举债融资机制。以服务实体经济为导向,改革优化金融体系结构,发展民营银行和社区银行。改革完善资本市场基础制度,促进多层次资本市场健康稳定发展,提高直接融资特别是股权融资比重。增强保险业风险保障功能。加强金融风险监测预警和化解处置。我国财政金融体系总体稳健,可运用的政策工具多,我们有能力守住不发生系统性风险的底线。

We will deepen reforms of the fiscal, taxation, and financial systems.

We will take further reform measures to make budgets more transparent, and promote reform efforts to clearly define the respective fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities of central and local governments. We will improve local tax systems and prudently advance legislation on real estate tax. We will improve the mechanisms by which local governments secure financing.

We will reform and improve the structure of the financial system, and develop private and community banks, to better serve the real economy. We will reform and improve the basic systems of the capital market to promote the healthy and steady development of multi-tiered capital markets. The proportion of direct financing, particularly equity financing, will be increased. The insurance sector’s role in protecting against risk will be enhanced. We will strengthen monitoring, early warnings, mitigation, and control of financial risks.

China’s fiscal and financial systems are on the whole stable, and we have many policy tools available, so we are fully capable of ensuring that no systemic risks will emerge.

 

(九)推动全方位对外开放,培育国际经济合作和竞争新优势。进一步拓展开放领域、优化开放布局,继续推动商品和要素流动型开放,更加注重规则等制度型开放,以高水平开放带动改革全面深化。

9. We will promote all-round opening-up and foster new strengths in international economic cooperation and competition.

We will open more sectors and improve the layout of opening-up, continue to promote opening-up based on flows of goods and factors of production, and give greater emphasis to opening-up based on rules and related institutions, driving an all-round deepening of reforms through high-standard opening-up.

促进外贸稳中提质。推动出口市场多元化。扩大出口信用保险覆盖面。改革完善跨境电商等新业态扶持政策。推动服务贸易创新发展,引导加工贸易转型升级、向中西部转移,发挥好综合保税区作用。优化进口结构,积极扩大进口。办好第二届中国国际进口博览会。加快提升通关便利化水平。

We will promote stable and higher-quality growth of foreign trade.

We will work to diversify export markets. We will expand the coverage of export credit insurance, and reform and improve support policies for new forms of business such as cross-border e-commerce. We will encourage innovative development in service trade, guide the transformation and upgrading of processing trade and its shift to the central and western regions, and give better play to the role of integrated bonded areas. The import mix will be improved and imports will be actively expanded. We will host the second China International Import Expo. We will step up efforts to facilitate customs clearance.

加大吸引外资力度。进一步放宽市场准入,缩减外资准入负面清单,允许更多领域实行外资独资经营。落实金融等行业改革开放举措,完善债券市场开放政策。加快与国际通行经贸规则对接,提高政策透明度和执行一致性,营造内外资企业一视同仁、公平竞争的公正市场环境。加强外商合法权益保护。赋予自贸试验区更大改革创新自主权,增设上海自贸试验区新片区,推进海南自贸试验区建设、探索建设中国特色自由贸易港。支持国家级经开区、高新区、新区开展自贸试验区相关改革试点,增强辐射带动作用,打造改革开放新高地。中国投资环境一定会越来越好,各国企业在华发展机遇一定会越来越多。

We will do more to attract foreign investment.

We will further relax controls over market access, shorten the negative list for foreign investment, and permit wholly foreign funded enterprises to operate in more sectors. We will implement reform and opening-up measures in the financial and other sectors, and improve policies on opening the bond market. We will further align our policies with internationally accepted trade rules, enhance policy transparency and consistency in implementation, and create a fair and impartial market environment where Chinese and foreign companies are treated as equals and engage in fair competition. We will strengthen efforts to protect foreign investors’ legitimate rights and interests.

We will grant greater autonomy to pilot free trade zones to carry out reform and innovation, expand the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, step up the building of the China (Hainan) Pilot Free Trade Zone, and explore the opening of a free trade port with Chinese features. We will support national-level economic development zones, new- and high-tech development zones, and new areas in implementing trial reforms pioneered and developed in pilot free trade zones, so that they can better lead their surrounding areas and grow into pacesetters of reform and opening-up. China’s investment environment is all set to get better and better, which means more and more business opportunities for foreign companies in China are a sure thing.

推动共建“一带一路”。坚持共商共建共享,遵循市场原则和国际通行规则,发挥企业主体作用,推动基础设施互联互通,加强国际产能合作,拓展第三方市场合作。办好第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛。推动对外投资合作健康有序发展。

We will promote the joint pursuit of the BRI.

We will adhere to the principle of pursuing shared growth through discussion and collaboration and observe market principles and international rules. We will see that enterprises are the main actors, advance infrastructural connectivity, strengthen international cooperation on production capacity, and expand third-party market cooperation. We will host the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. We will work to ensure the healthy and orderly growth of outbound investment and international cooperation.

促进贸易和投资自由化便利化。中国坚定维护经济全球化和自由贸易,积极参与世贸组织改革。加快构建高标准自贸区网络,推进区域全面经济伙伴关系协定、中日韩自贸区、中欧投资协定谈判,继续推动中美经贸磋商。中国秉持互利合作、共赢发展,一贯主张通过平等协商解决贸易争端。我们对作出的承诺认真履行,对自身合法权益坚决维护。

We will promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation.

China is committed to safeguarding economic globalization and free trade, and is actively involved in the reform of the World Trade Organization. We will accelerate the establishment of a network of high-standard free trade areas, advance negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, the China-Japan-RoK Free Trade Agreement, and the China-EU Investment Agreement, and continue to promote China-US trade negotiations. China is committed to mutually beneficial cooperation, win-win development and settling trade disputes through discussion as equals. We faithfully honor our commitments and are resolute in safeguarding our lawful rights and interests.

(十)加快发展社会事业,更好保障和改善民生。今年财政收支平衡压力加大,但基本民生投入确保只增不减。支持社会力量增加非基本公共服务供给,满足群众多层次、多样化需求。

10. We will speed up the development of social programs to better ensure and improve living standards.

Although the pressure of maintaining a balanced budget will grow this year, inputs to ensure basic living standards will only be increased and not cut. We will support private actors in boosting the supply of non-basic public services to meet people’s multilevel and diverse needs.

发展更加公平更有质量的教育。推进城乡义务教育一体化发展,加快改善乡村学校办学条件,抓紧解决城镇学校“大班额”问题,保障进城务工人员随迁子女教育,发展“互联网+教育”,促进优质资源共享。多渠道扩大学前教育供给,无论是公办还是民办幼儿园,只要符合安全标准、收费合理、家长放心,政府都要支持。推进高中阶段教育普及,办好民族教育、特殊教育、继续教育。持续抓好义务教育教师工资待遇落实。推进一流大学和一流学科建设。今年财力虽然很紧张,国家财政性教育经费占国内生产总值比例继续保持在4%以上,中央财政教育支出安排超过1万亿元。我们要切实把宝贵的资金用好,努力办好人民满意的教育,托起明天的希望。

We will develop more equitable and higher-quality education.

We will promote the integrated development of urban and rural compulsory education, move faster to improve conditions in rural schools and to address the problem of oversized classes in urban schools, ensure access to education for children living with their migrant worker parents in cities, develop Internet Plus Education models, and promote quality resource sharing.

We will increase the supply of pre-school education through multiple avenues. The government will support all kindergartens that meet safety standards, charge reasonable fees, and have the trust of parents, regardless of whether they are public or private. We will continue work to make senior secondary education universal, and provide quality ethnic minority education, special needs education, and continuing education.

We will continue to strictly ensure the full payment of pay packages to teachers working in compulsory education. We will continue efforts to develop world-class universities and world-class disciplines. This year, despite significant fiscal constraints, government budgetary spending on education will remain above 4 percent of GDP, and central government spending on education will exceed one trillion yuan. We need to use these precious funds well, and work hard to provide education that our people are happy with, to do justice to our hope for tomorrow.

保障基本医疗卫生服务。继续提高城乡居民基本医保和大病保险保障水平,居民医保人均财政补助标准增加30元,一半用于大病保险。降低并统一大病保险起付线,报销比例由50%提高到60%,进一步减轻大病患者、困难群众医疗负担。加强重大疾病防治。我国受癌症困扰的家庭以千万计,要实施癌症防治行动,推进预防筛查、早诊早治和科研攻关,着力缓解民生的痛点。做好常见慢性病防治,把高血压、糖尿病等门诊用药纳入医保报销。抓紧落实和完善跨省异地就医直接结算政策,尽快使异地就医患者在所有定点医院能持卡看病、即时结算,切实便利流动人口和随迁老人。深化公立医院综合改革。促进社会办医。加快建立远程医疗服务体系,加强基层医护人员培养,提升分级诊疗和家庭医生签约服务质量。坚持预防为主,将新增基本公共卫生服务财政补助经费全部用于村和社区,务必让基层群众受益。加强妇幼保健服务。支持中医药事业传承创新发展。药品疫苗攸关生命安全,必须强化全程监管,对违法者要严惩不贷,对失职渎职者要严肃查办,坚决守住人民群众生命健康的防线。

We will ensure access to basic medical and health services.

We will continue to increase basic medical insurance and serious disease insurance protection for rural and non-working urban residents. Government subsidies for resident medical insurance will be raised by an average of 30 yuan per person, half of which is to be used for serious disease insurance.

We will lower and unify the deductible line for serious disease insurance, raise the reimbursement rate from 50 to 60 percent, and further reduce the burden of medical care for people with serious diseases and people living in poverty.

We will strengthen the prevention and treatment of serious diseases. Tens of millions of Chinese families are affected by cancer. To ease this pain that has such an effect on people’s lives, we will take action in cancer prevention and treatment, and promote preventive screening, early diagnosis and treatment, and breakthroughs in cancer research. We will improve prevention and treatment of common chronic illnesses. Outpatient medicines for treating high blood pressure, diabetes, et cetera, will be made reimbursable under the medical insurance scheme.

We will speedily implement and improve the policy on interprovincial on-the-spot settlement of medical bills through basic medical insurance accounts; we will work as quickly as possible to enable patients to use their medical insurance cards for medical treatment in any designated hospitals and settle their bills straight away regardless of the locality. This will make things easier for the migrant population and the elderly people who accompany them to cities.

We will deepen the comprehensive reform of public hospitals and encourage the development of privately-run hospitals. We will establish a system for remote medical care services, enhance the training of community medical workers, and improve services provided both under the tiered diagnosis and treatment model and by contracted family doctors.

Prevention will continue to be our priority. The increase in government subsidies for basic public health service expenditures will be used entirely for villages and communities, to ensure direct benefits to the people. Maternal and child healthcare services will be improved. We will support the preservation, innovation, and development of traditional Chinese medicine.

Drugs and vaccines protect lives. We must strengthen the entire process of their regulation from production to use. We will bring lawbreakers to justice, and investigate negligence and the dereliction of duty and hold the guilty to account, to guard the line protecting the lives and health of our people.

完善社会保障制度和政策。推进多层次养老保障体系建设。继续提高退休人员基本养老金。落实退役军人待遇保障,完善退役士兵基本养老、基本医疗保险接续政策。适当提高城乡低保、专项救助等标准,加强困境儿童保障。加大城镇困难职工脱困力度。提升残疾预防和康复服务水平。我们要尽力为群众救急解困、雪中送炭,基本民生的底线要坚决兜牢。

We will improve the social security system and related policies.

We will build a robust multilevel aged-care social protection system and continue to increase the basic retirement pension. We will ensure benefits for demobilized military personnel, and improve the policy on their basic medical insurance and basic aged-care insurance. Urban and rural subsistence allowances and special assistance programs will be adequately increased and social protection for children in difficult situations will be improved. Efforts will be intensified to assist struggling urban employees to get out of poverty. Disability prevention and rehabilitation services will be improved. We must do our best to address urgent needs of people in difficulty, provide help when they need it most and ensure that the basic living needs of the people are met.

丰富人民群众精神文化生活。培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,广泛开展群众性精神文明创建活动,大力弘扬奋斗精神、科学精神、劳模精神、工匠精神,汇聚起向上向善的强大力量。加快构建中国特色哲学社会科学。加强互联网内容建设。繁荣文艺创作,发展新闻出版、广播影视和档案等事业。加强文物保护利用和非物质文化遗产传承。推动文化事业和文化产业改革发展,提升基层公共文化服务能力。深化中外人文交流。广泛开展全民健身活动。扎实做好2020年奥运会、残奥会备战工作,精心筹办北京冬奥会、冬残奥会,办好第七届世界军人运动会。人民群众身心健康,社会就充满活力,国家就繁荣兴旺。

We will work to enrich the intellectual and cultural life of our people.

We will foster and practice core socialist values, carry out a broad range of public activities to promote cultural and ethical advancement, and encourage the spirit of struggle, the spirit of science, a role-model work ethic, and the pursuit of fine workmanship. This will create a powerful source of aspiration for the pursuit of excellence and moral integrity.

We will accelerate the development of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese features. We will intensify efforts to improve online content. We will work to see that art and literature thrive, and develop the press, publishing, radio, film, television, and archiving. The protection and use of cultural relics and the preservation of intangible cultural heritage will be strengthened. We will promote the reform and development of cultural programs and industries and build stronger public cultural service capacity at the community level. People-to-people and cultural exchanges with other countries will be boosted.

Extensive Fitness-for-All activities will be carried out. We will make sure we’re ready for the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games, undertake detailed planning and preparatory work for the 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics in Beijing, and host a successful Seventh World Military Games. When our people are in good health both mentally and physically, our society will be full of vitality, and our country will thrive.

加强和创新社会治理。推动社会治理重心向基层下移,推广促进社会和谐的“枫桥经验”,构建城乡社区治理新格局。引导支持社会组织、人道救助、志愿服务和慈善事业健康发展。健全社会信用体系。保障妇女、儿童、老人、残疾人合法权益。改进信访工作,及时解决群众合理诉求。健全国家应急体系,提高防灾减灾救灾能力。加强安全生产,防范遏制重特大事故。做好地震、气象、水文、地质、测绘等工作。深化普法宣传教育。加强国家安全能力建设。完善立体化社会治安防控体系,深入推进扫黑除恶专项斗争,依法惩治盗抢骗黄赌毒等违法犯罪活动,打击非法集资、传销等经济犯罪,整治侵犯公民个人信息等突出问题,坚决守护好人民群众的平安生活。

We will strengthen social governance and explore new ways to conduct it.

We will shift the focus of social governance to the community level, extend the practices of promoting social harmony developed in Fengqiao town, Zhejiang Province, and develop a new model of urban and rural community governance. We will guide and support the healthy development of social organizations, humanitarian assistance, volunteer services, and charity. The social cred让system will be improved. We will protect the legitimate rights and interests of women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities. We will improve work to address public complaints, and promptly meet justified public demands.

We will improve the national emergency response system and our capacity for disaster prevention, mitigation, and relief. We will strengthen workplace safety and resolutely guard against and curb the occurrence of serious and major accidents. Seismological, meteorological, hydrological, geological, and mapping work will be done well.

We will continue activities to improve public awareness of laws. We will strengthen national security capacity building.

We will improve the multidimensional crime prevention and control system, and intensify the special campaign to root out organized crime and local mafia. We will, in accordance with law, punish illegal and criminal offenses such as theft, robbery, fraud, pornography, gambling, and drug-related crime, crack down on economic crimes like illegal fundraising and pyramid schemes, and tackle prominent problems such as the abuse of personal information. In short, we will make every effort to ensure that our people live in peace and safety.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

新的形势和任务,对政府工作提出了新的更高要求。各级政府要树牢“四个意识”,坚定“四个自信”,坚决做到“两个维护”,自觉在思想上政治上行动上同以习近平同志为核心的党中央保持高度一致,落实全面从严治党要求,勇于自我革命,深入推进简政放权,加快转职能、提效能,增强政府公信力和执行力,更好满足人民对美好生活的新期待。

The new developments and tasks have created new and higher demands for the work of government. At every level of government, we should keep firmly in mind the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment. We should strengthen our confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should resolutely uphold General Secretary Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, and resolutely uphold the Party Central Committee’s authority and its centralized, unified leadership. And we should maintain a high degree of unity in thought, stance, and action with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core and exercise full and rigorous self-discipline in the Party.

We should have the courage to conduct self-reform, further streamline administration and delegate power, speed up the transformation of our functions and the improvement of our performance, and strengthen government credibility and capacity for execution, to better meet the people’s new expectations for a better life.

坚持依法全面履职。深入贯彻全面依法治国基本方略,严格遵守宪法法律,把政府活动全面纳入法治轨道。各级政府要依法接受同级人大及其常委会的监督,自觉接受人民政协的民主监督,主动接受社会和舆论监督,让权力在阳光下运行。政府干的,都应是人民盼的。要坚持科学、民主、依法决策,认真听取人大代表、政协委员意见,听取民主党派、工商联、无党派人士和各人民团体意见,听取社会公众和企业意见,使各项政策符合基本国情和客观实际,更接地气、更合民意。全面推进政务公开。支持工会、共青团、妇联等群团组织更好发挥作用。全面落实行政执法责任制和问责制,对一切违法违规的行为都要坚决查处,对一切执法不公正不文明的现象都要坚决整治,对所有行政不作为的人员都要坚决追责。

We will continue to fully perform the functions of government in accordance with law.

We must fully implement the basic strategy on comprehensive law-based governance, strictly abide by the Constitution and the law, and bring all government activities into line with the rule of law.

At every level of government, we must accept, as law requires, the oversight of the people’s congresses and their standing committees at the corresponding level. We should readily subject ourselves to the democratic oversight of CPPCC committees, public oversight, and oversight through public opinion, so that power is exercised with transparency.

Everything we do in the government should be what the people want. We will make decisions in a sound, democratic, and legally-compliant way, listen carefully to the views of the deputies to people’s congresses and CPPCC committee members; listen to the views of other political parties, federations of industry and commerce, people without party affiliation, and people’s organizations, and listen to the views of the general public and the business community. This will make sure that each of our policies fits the conditions and realities of our country, responds to people’s desire, and better satisfies public demand.

We will promote transparency in all government affairs. We will support trade unions, Communist Youth League organizations, women’s federations, and other people’s organizations in better playing their roles.

We will fully implement the system of responsibility and accountability for government enforcement of laws and regulations. All actions that violate laws or regulations will be resolutely investigated and punished; all instances of failure to enforce the law impartially and with basic decency must be resolutely stopped; and any employee of government found to be not doing their job must be firmly held to account.

深入推进党风廉政建设。扎实开展“不忘初心、牢记使命”主题教育。认真贯彻落实中央八项规定及其实施细则精神,持之以恒纠治“四风”。加强廉洁政府建设,一体推进不敢腐、不能腐、不想腐。强化审计监督。政府工作人员要自觉接受法律监督、监察监督和人民监督。衡量政绩最终是看结果。各级政府要坚决反对和整治一切形式主义、官僚主义,让干部从文山会海、迎评迎检、材料报表中解脱出来,把精力用在解决实际问题上。压减和规范督查检查考核事项,实施“互联网+督查”。减少开会和发文数量,今年国务院及其部门要带头大幅精简会议、坚决把文件压减三分之一以上。

We will step up efforts to improve Party conduct and ensure clean government.

We will hold activities about keeping in mind our Party’s founding mission. We will fully enforce the Party Central Committee’s eight-point decision on conduct and its rules for implementation, and keep up efforts to address formalities performed for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance.    

We will intensify work to build a clean government, and take coordinated action to make government employees not dare, not able, and not want to commit corruption.

Auditing-based oversight will be strengthened. We in the government must readily subject ourselves to the oversight of the law, supervisory bodies, and the people. The ultimate measure of our performance is whether and what we deliver.

Governments at all levels must firmly oppose and put a stop to all pointless formalities and bureaucratism in all its manifestations. We should free government employees from the mountains of documents and endless meetings, from the superfluities surrounding evaluations and inspections, and from report writing and form filling-in, and instead spend our energy on solving real problems.

We will cut down on and overhaul matters subject to inspection, checks, and evaluations, and implement an Internet Plus Inspection initiative. The number of meetings and documents will be cut. This year, the State Council and its offices and departments will lead the way in making major reductions to the number of meetings and will cut the number of documents issued by over a third.

切实强化责任担当。中国改革发展的巨大成就,是广大干部群众筚路蓝缕、千辛万苦干出来的。实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标,成就中国人民的幸福与追求,还得长期不懈地干。为政以公,行胜于言。各级政府及其工作人员要求真务实、力戒浮华,以推动改革发展的成果说话,以干事创业的实绩交卷。健全激励约束机制和尽职免责机制,营造干部愿干事、敢干事、能干成事的环境。更好发挥中央和地方两个积极性,尊重基层和群众首创精神,为地方大胆探索提供激励、留足空间。广大干部要树立强烈的事业心和进取心,事不避难、义不逃责,埋头苦干、结合实际创造性地干,努力干出无愧于人民的新业绩,干出中国发展的新辉煌。

We will strengthen our readiness to shoulder responsibility.

The tremendous achievements of China’s reform and development to date have been made by our officials and people through perseverance and hard work. To achieve the Two Centenary Goals, * and let the happiness and ambitions of the Chinese people be realized, we need to continue to put in long-term hard work.

(* The two goals are to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects by the centenary of the Communist Party of China in 2021 and to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the centenary of the People’s Republic of China in 2049.)

Government works for the public; words can’t compare with actions. All levels and employees of government should be down to earth and practical and eschew doing things for show. We should let what we have achieved in reform and development speak for themselves. We should deliver a good performance in what we do. We will improve the mechanisms for offering incentives, imposing constraints, and conducting due diligence. We should create an atmosphere in which officials are ready and eager to try, and able to try and deliver real outcomes.

We will keep central and local governments motivated, respect the pioneering spirit of officials working at the primary level and the people, and offer incentives and leave ample space for local governments to make bold explorations.

All of us working in the government must have true dedication and be enterprising. We must never sidestep difficulties or shirk obligations; and we must knuckle down when work is tough, and both be creative in approach and have a keen sense of feasibility. We should make new achievements worthy of our people and make remarkable new accomplishments in pursuing China’s development.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

我们要坚持和完善民族区域自治制度,全面贯彻党的民族政策,深化民族团结进步教育,促进各民族和睦相处、和衷共济、和谐发展。加大对民族地区和人口较少民族发展的支持,深入实施兴边富民行动,同心协力建设56个民族共同团结奋斗、共同繁荣发展的美好家园。

We will uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, implement in full the Party’s policies on ethnic affairs, heighten public awareness of ethnic unity and progress, and enable the people of all our ethnic groups to live together happily, work together for a common cause, and develop in harmony. We will strengthen support for development in ethnic minority areas and for the development of ethnic groups with smaller populations. We will redouble efforts to boost development in the border regions to benefit the people living there. Together, we will build a beautiful homeland in which 56 ethnic groups work together for common prosperity and development.

我们要全面贯彻党的宗教工作基本方针,坚持我国宗教的中国化方向,依法管理宗教事务,发挥宗教界人士和信教群众在促进经济社会发展中的积极作用。

We must fully implement the Party’s fundamental policy on religious affairs, abide by the principle that religions in China must be Chinese in orientation, oversee religious affairs in accordance with law, and encourage religious leaders and believers to take an active part in promoting economic and social development.

我们要认真落实侨务政策,保障海外侨胞和归侨侨眷合法权益,改善和加强服务,发挥好他们的独特优势和重要作用,画好海内外中华儿女的最大同心圆,汇聚起共创辉煌的澎湃力量。

We will act on policies related to overseas Chinese nationals, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of overseas Chinese nationals, returned overseas Chinese, and relatives of overseas Chinese nationals residing in China. We will improve and strengthen our services for them, give play to their unique strengths and important role, seek the greatest convergence of interests among all Chinese, both at home and overseas, and forge a mighty force, as we endeavor to create more remarkable achievements.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

过去一年,国防和军队建设扎实推进,强军事业展现许多新气象新作为。新的一年,要继续以党在新时代的强军目标为引领,牢固确立习近平强军思想在国防和军队建设中的指导地位,深入推进政治建军、改革强军、科技兴军、依法治军。坚持党对军队绝对领导的根本原则和制度,全面深入贯彻军委主席负责制。贯彻新时代军事战略方针,提高实战化军事训练水平,坚决维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。继续深化国防和军队改革。加强和完善国防教育、国防动员体系建设。深入实施军民融合发展战略,加快国防科技创新步伐。各级政府要大力关心支持国防和军队建设,深入开展“双拥”活动,让军政军民团结之树根深叶茂、永葆常青。

Over the past year, we achieved solid progress in strengthening national defense and the armed forces, made many new accomplishments in this endeavor, and brought new changes to our military. In the year ahead, we will continue to take as our guide the Party’s goal of building stronger armed forces for the new era, and ensure that our work to develop national defense and the armed forces is guided by Xi Jinping’s thinking on strengthening the military. We will further efforts to ensure the political loyalty of the armed forces, strengthen them through reform, science and technology, and run them in accordance with law.

We will observe the fundamental principle and system of absolute Party leadership over the armed forces, and fully enforce the system of ultimate responsibility resting with the chairman of the Central Military Commission.

We will implement the military strategy for the new era, strengthen military training under combat conditions, and firmly protect China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests.

Reforms in national defense and the armed forces will continue. We will work to heighten public awareness of national defense. The system for national defense mobilization will be strengthened and improved. We will further implement the military-civilian integration strategy, and speed up efforts to make innovations in defense related science and technology.

We in government at all levels must concern ourselves with and vigorously support the development of national defense and the armed forces, conduct extensive activities to promote mutual support between the military and civilians, so that the tree of unity between the military and the government and between the military and the people continues to grow deep roots and is always in blossom.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

我们要继续全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,严格依照宪法和基本法办事。全力支持香港、澳门特别行政区政府和行政长官依法施政。支持港澳抓住共建“一带一路”和粤港澳大湾区建设的重大机遇,更好发挥自身优势,全面深化与内地互利合作。我们坚信,香港、澳门一定能与祖国内地同发展共进步、一定能保持长期繁荣稳定。

We will continue, fully and faithfully, to implement the policies of “one country, two systems,” the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong, the people of Macao governing Macao, and a high degree of autonomy for both regions, and act in strict compliance with China’s Constitution and the basic laws of the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions.

The governments and chief executives of the two regions have our full support in exercising law-based governance. We will support the two regions in seizing the major opportunities presented by the Belt and Road Initiative and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area development strategy, giving better play to their strengths, and deepening mutually beneficial cooperation with the mainland in all fields. We have every confidence that Hong Kong and Macao will develop and thrive together with the mainland and maintain long-term prosperity and stability.

我们要坚持对台工作大政方针。全面贯彻落实习近平总书记在《告台湾同胞书》发表40周年纪念会上的重要讲话精神,坚持一个中国原则和“九二共识”,推动两岸关系和平发展、推进祖国和平统一进程。坚决反对和遏制“台独”分裂图谋和行径,坚决维护国家主权和领土完整。深化两岸融合发展,持续扩大两岸经济文化交流合作。两岸同胞同根相系、同命相连,应携手共创共享全体中国人的美好未来。

We will adhere to the major principles and policies on work related to Taiwan. We will implement in full the guiding principles embodied in General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech at the meeting to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the issuance of the Message to Our Compatriots in Taiwan. We will uphold the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, promote the peaceful growth of relations across the Taiwan Strait, and advance China’s peaceful reunification.

We will resolutely oppose and deter any separatist schemes or activities seeking “Taiwan independence,” and resolutely protect China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

We will deepen integrated development on both sides of the Taiwan Strait, and keep expanding cross-Strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation. The people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait are bound by kinship and share a common destiny. We should work together to create a beautiful future for all Chinese.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

当今世界面临百年未有之大变局。我们将坚定不移走和平发展道路、奉行互利共赢的开放战略,坚定维护多边主义和以联合国为核心的国际体系。积极参与全球治理体系的改革完善,坚定维护开放型世界经济,推动构建人类命运共同体。加强与主要大国沟通对话与协调合作,深化同周边国家关系,拓展与发展中国家互利合作。积极为妥善应对全球性挑战和解决地区热点问题提供更多中国建设性方案。中国愿与各国携手合作、同舟共济,为促进世界持久和平与共同发展作出新的贡献。

The world today faces profound changes of a kind unseen in a century. China will remain on the path of peaceful development, pursue mutually beneficial opening up, and resolutely uphold multilateralism and the international system built around the United Nations. We will participate actively in reforming and improving the global governance system and firmly uphold an open world economy to build a human community with a shared future.

We will strengthen communication, dialogue, coordination, and cooperation with other major countries. We will deepen relations with our neighbors and expand mutually beneficial cooperation with other developing countries. We will actively offer constructive Chinese approaches for responding appropriately to global challenges and addressing flashpoints in some regions. China stands ready to work together with all other countries to make new contributions in promoting enduring world peace and shared prosperity.

各位代表!

Fellow Deputies,

奋斗创造历史,实干成就未来。我们要更加紧密地团结在以习近平同志为核心的党中央周围,高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,迎难而上,开拓进取,以经济社会发展的优异成绩迎接中华人民共和国成立70周年,为决胜全面建成小康社会、夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利,为把我国建设成为富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦不懈奋斗!

Struggle creates history; hard work makes a bright future. We will rally closer around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, follow the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, rise to each challenge, and create new progress. We will commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China with great achievements in economic and social development.

Let us continue our struggle to secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, to achieve the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful, and to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation!

来源:网络  日期:2019年3月7日

心译翻译工作室

英语翻译



»郑重声明:本网站文章均来源于原创和网络转载,所有内容仅代表个人观点。版权归心译翻译工作室和文章所有人共有,欢迎转载。但未经作者同意转载必须保留此段声明,并给出文章链接,否则我们保留追究法律责任的权利!如果本文侵犯了您的权益,请联系我们。
  浏览首页 加入我们 联系我们 合作公司