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2019年李克强总理政府工作报告(四)

发布日期:2019-03-08      阅读数:137 次

(五)对标全面建成小康社会任务,扎实推进脱贫攻坚和乡村振兴。坚持农业农村优先发展,加强脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴统筹衔接,确保如期实现脱贫攻坚目标、农民生活达到全面小康水平。

5. We will make solid progress in poverty alleviation and rural revitalization and move closer to completing the tasks of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

We will continue to prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas, strengthen both poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and ensure that the poverty alleviation goals are achieved and rural living standards reach the level of moderate prosperity in all respects according to plan.

打好精准脱贫攻坚战。重点解决实现“两不愁三保障”面临的突出问题,加大“三区三州”等深度贫困地区脱贫攻坚力度,落实对特殊贫困人口的保障措施。脱贫致富离不开产业支撑,要大力扶持贫困地区特色优势产业发展。开展贫困地区控辍保学专项行动、明显降低辍学率,继续增加重点高校专项招收农村和贫困地区学生人数,用好教育这个阻断贫困代际传递的治本之策。基本完成“十三五”易地扶贫搬迁规划建设任务,加强后续扶持。对摘帽县和脱贫人口的扶持政策要保持一段时间,巩固脱贫成果。完善考核监督,用好中央脱贫攻坚专项巡视成果。越是到脱贫攻坚的关键阶段,越要抓实抓细各项工作,确保脱贫有实效、可持续、经得起历史检验。

We will beat poverty with precision alleviation.

We will give priority to our work of seeing that the basic living needs of rural poor populations are met and that such people have access to compulsory education, basic medical services, and housing. We will intensify poverty alleviation in areas of extreme poverty like the “three regions and three prefectures,” * and ensure social safeguards for the most vulnerable groups.

(* The “three regions” refers to Tibet, four prefectures of southern Xinjiang-Hotan, Aksu, Kashi, and the Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture of Kizilsu, and the areas of Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces with large Tibetan populations; the “three prefectures” are Liangshan in Sichuan, Nujiang in Yunnan, and Linxia in Gansu.)

Eradicating poverty and achieving prosperity cannot be achieved without the support of industries. We will do more to support impoverished areas in developing businesses that leverage local strengths.

We will launch an initiative to address school dropout rates and ensure attendance, and achieve clear reductions in rural student dropout rates in poor areas. We will continue to increase the size of special enrollment quotas at key universities for students from rural and poor areas, and make full use of the fundamental role of education in stopping poverty from being passed on to the next generation.

We will move toward completion of the 13th Five-Year Plan’s construction tasks for planned relocations of poor populations from inhospitable areas, and strengthen follow-up support. Support policies that apply to counties and populations that have recently been lifted out of poverty will be maintained for a period to consolidate progress in poverty alleviation. We will improve evaluation and oversight, and ensure that the results of special inspections on poverty alleviation by central government inspection teams serve their intended purpose. The further we get in the crucial stage of the fight, the greater the need, in every aspect of our work, to tackle real problems with attention paid to details, to be certain to deliver substantive, sustainable outcomes that stand the test of time.

抓好农业特别是粮食生产。近14亿中国人的饭碗,必须牢牢端在自己手上。要稳定粮食产量,新增高标准农田8000万亩以上。稳定生猪等畜禽生产,做好非洲猪瘟等疫病防控。加快农业科技改革创新,大力发展现代种业,实施地理标志农产品保护工程,推进农业全程机械化。培育家庭农场、农民合作社等新型经营主体,加强面向小农户的社会化服务,发展多种形式规模经营。支持返乡入乡创业创新,推动一二三产业融合发展。务工收入是农民增收的大头。要根治农民工欠薪问题,抓紧制定专门行政法规,确保付出辛劳和汗水的农民工按时拿到应有的报酬。

We will improve agriculture, particularly grain production.

We must ensure, through our efforts, food supply for close to 1.4 billion people of China. To this end, we will keep grain output stable, and increase the area of high- standard cropland by no less than 5.33 million hectares. We will ensure that the production of hogs and other types of livestock, and poultry, remains stable, and strengthen the prevention and control of epidemics and diseases like African swine fever.

We will speed up reform and innovation in agricultural technologies, make a big push to develop a modern seed industry, implement programs to protect agricultural products with geographical indications, and advance the mechanization of entire agricultural production processes. We will foster new types of agricultural businesses such as family farms and farmer cooperatives, improve commercial services catering to small agricultural households, and develop a diverse range of large-scale agricultural operations.

We will provide support to people who are returning or moving to the countryside to start businesses or pursue innovations, and promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries. Income from nonagricultural work plays a big part in increasing rural incomes. We must address at the root wage arrears owed to rural migrant workers, act fast to draw up government regulations specifically with this aim, and make sure that our hard-working rural migrant workers get the pay they have earned on time.

扎实推进乡村建设。科学编制建设规划,大力改善生产生活条件。加快实施农村饮水安全巩固提升工程,今明两年要解决好饮水困难人口的饮水安全问题,提高6000万农村人口供水保障水平。完成新一轮农村电网升级改造。因地制宜开展农村人居环境整治,推进“厕所革命”、垃圾污水治理,建设美丽乡村。

We will take solid steps to upgrade rural infrastructure.

We will adopt sound development plans to significantly improve living and working conditions. Implementation will be accelerated of programs to consolidate and build on progress already made in providing safe drinking water in rural areas. Remaining problems in access to safe drinking water will be resolved within two years so that an additional 60 million rural residents have access to safe drinking water. The new round of rural power grid upgrading will be completed. We will work to improve rural living environments in light of local conditions, make progress in the Toilet Revolution, and improve garbage and sewage treatment to build a beautiful countryside.

全面深化农村改革。推广农村土地征收、集体经营性建设用地入市、宅基地制度改革试点成果。深化集体产权、林权、国有林区林场、农垦、供销社等改革。改革完善农业支持保护体系,健全粮食价格市场化形成机制,扩大政策性农业保险改革试点。持续深化农村改革,广袤乡村必将焕发新的生机活力。

We will deepen comprehensive rural reforms.

We will expand the rural land requisitions, purposes, and reforming use of practices proven successful through trials of marketing rural collective land for development the system of rural residential land.

We will deepen reforms relating to collective property rights, forest tenure, state forestry areas and farms, state farms, and supply and marketing cooperatives. We will reform and improve the agricultural protection and support system, refine the market-based pricing mechanism for grains, and expand trial reforms on policy-based agricultural insurance. Rural reforms will be deepened, and all these efforts will without doubt inject new vitality in China’s vast countryside.

(六)促进区域协调发展,提高新型城镇化质量。围绕解决发展不平衡不充分问题,改革完善相关机制和政策,推动区域优势互补、城乡融合发展。

6. We will promote coordinated development across regions and improve the quality of new urbanization.

To address unbalanced insufficient development, we will reform and refine the relevant mechanisms and policies to enable regions to complement each other with their respective strengths and promote integrated urban-rural development.

优化区域发展格局。制定西部开发开放新的政策措施,西部地区企业所得税优惠等政策到期后继续执行。落实和完善促进东北全面振兴、中部地区崛起、东部率先发展的改革创新举措。京津冀协同发展重在疏解北京非首都功能,高标准建设雄安新区。落实粤港澳大湾区建设规划,促进规则衔接,推动生产要素流动和人员往来便利化。将长三角区域一体化发展上升为国家战略,编制实施发展规划纲要。长江经济带发展要坚持上中下游协同,加强生态保护修复和综合交通运输体系建设,打造高质量发展经济带。支持资源型地区经济转型。加快补齐革命老区、民族地区、边疆地区、贫困地区发展短板。大力发展蓝色经济,保护海洋环境,建设海洋强国。

We will improve the layout of development for all our regions.

To promote development and opening-up in the west of China, we will adopt new policies and measures and continue current policies like corporate income tax relief for the region on their expiration. Reforms and innovative measures will be implemented and improved to facilitate northeast China’s full revitalization, central China’s rise, and east China’s trailblazing development.

In pursuing integrated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, we will give priority to relieving Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital and on developing the Xiongan New Area according to high standards.

In developing the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, we will work to ensure the implementation of plans, achieving compatibility between each region’s rules, and facilitating flows of factors of production and the movement of people.

We will elevate the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta to the status of national strategy and design and implement an overall development plan.

In the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt, we will continue to pursue coordinated development along the upper, middle, and lower reaches of the river, and strengthen both the protection and restoration of ecosystems and the development of a comprehensive transportation system, to create a belt of quality economic development.

We will support economic transformation in resource-depleted areas. We will move faster to strengthen development in old revolutionary base areas, areas with large ethnic minority populations, border areas, and poor areas to help them catch up. We will develop the blue economy, protect the marine environment, and strengthen China’s maritime development.

深入推进新型城镇化。坚持以中心城市引领城市群发展。抓好农业转移人口落户,推动城镇基本公共服务覆盖常住人口。更好解决群众住房问题,落实城市主体责任,改革完善住房市场体系和保障体系,促进房地产市场平稳健康发展。继续推进保障性住房建设和城镇棚户区改造,保障困难群体基本居住需求。城镇老旧小区量大面广,要大力进行改造提升,更新水电路气等配套设施,支持加装电梯,健全便民市场、便利店、步行街、停车场、无障碍通道等生活服务设施。新型城镇化要处处体现以人为核心,提高柔性化治理、精细化服务水平,让城市更加宜居,更具包容和人文关怀。

We will advance new urbanization.

We will continue to stimulate the development of city clusters through the development of leading cities. We will make more progress in granting permanent urban residency to people who have moved to cities from the countryside and work toward making basic urban public services cover all permanent urban residents.

We will better address people’s housing needs, require local governments to shoulder primary responsibility, reform and improve housing market and support systems, and sustain the steady and healthy development of real estate markets. We will continue to build government-subsidized housing and rebuild rundown urban areas to meet the basic housing needs of disadvantaged groups.

Old residential areas in cities are large in both number and area. We will make a big push toward their regeneration, update their roads, water, power, and gas supplies and other supporting infrastructure; support the installation of elevators; and improve amenities like markets, convenience stores, pedestrian streets, parking lots, and barrier-free access facilities.

New urbanization should be people-centered in every respect: we need to be better at conducting flexible governance and providing thoughtfully-designed services to make our cities more livable and give them a more inclusive and welcoming feel.

(七)加强污染防治和生态建设,大力推动绿色发展。绿色发展是构建现代化经济体系的必然要求,是解决污染问题的根本之策。要改革完善相关制度,协同推动高质量发展与生态环境保护。

7. We will strengthen pollution prevention and control, enhance ecological improvement, and make big advances in green development.

Green development is a critical element of modernizing an economy; it is also a fundamental solution to pollution. We will reform and refine relevant systems, and pursue both high-quality development and environmental protection.

持续推进污染防治。巩固扩大蓝天保卫战成果,今年二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放量要下降3%,重点地区细颗粒物(PM2.5)浓度继续下降。持续开展京津冀及周边、长三角、汾渭平原大气污染治理攻坚,加强工业、燃煤、机动车三大污染源治理。做好北方地区清洁取暖工作,确保群众温暖过冬。强化水、土壤污染防治,今年化学需氧量、氨氮排放量要下降2%。加快治理黑臭水体,推进重点流域和近岸海域综合整治。加强固体废弃物和城市垃圾分类处置。企业作为污染防治主体,必须依法履行环保责任。改革创新环境治理方式,对企业既依法依规监管,又重视合理诉求、加强帮扶指导,对需要达标整改的给予合理过渡期,避免处置措施简单粗暴、一关了之。企业有内在动力和外部压力,污染防治一定能取得更大成效。

We will keep intensifying efforts to prevent and control pollution.

Gains made in the fight to keep our skies blue will be consolidated and expanded. This year, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions will be cut by 3 percent, and there will be a continuous decline in PM2.5 density in key areas. We will continue to curb air pollution in and around the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, in the Yangtze River Delta, and in the Fenhe-Weihe River Plain area. We will make stronger moves to tackle three major sources of pollution: industrial production, coal used as fuel, and motor vehicles. We will make a good job of promoting clean heating in northern China and ensure people’s homes are warm for the winter.

Water and soil pollution prevention and control will be strengthened, and this year, we will achieve a 2-percent drop in both chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions. Work to clean up black, malodorous water bodies will be accelerated; comprehensive measures will be taken to improve the environment in key river basins and offshore areas. We will step up sorting in solid waste and urban garbage disposal.

As the primary actors in pollution prevention and control, enterprises must fulfill their responsibility of protecting the environment according to law. We need to reform and find new approaches to environmental governance. While we must conduct oversight over enterprises in compliance with laws and regulations, we must also heed their justified concerns and provide better assistance and guidance to them. Enterprises that need to take measures to meet standards should be given a reasonable grace period to do so, and we must avoid handling things in a simplistic and crude way or just shutting firms down to be done with it. When enterprises have both motivation themselves and external pressure, our work to prevent and control pollution is certain to produce more effective results.

 

壮大绿色环保产业。加快火电、钢铁行业超低排放改造,实施重污染行业达标排放改造。推进煤炭清洁化利用,加快解决风、光、水电消纳问题。加大城市污水管网和处理设施建设力度。促进资源节约和循环利用,推广绿色建筑。改革完善环境经济政策,加快发展绿色金融,培育一批专业化环保骨干企业,提升绿色发展能力。

We will strengthen green and environmental protection industries.

We will quicken the pace of upgrading in thermal power, steel, and other industries to achieve ultra-low emissions, and enforce upgrades in heavy-polluting sectors to achieve compliance with standards. We will promote cleaner use of coal, and work faster to address the problem of idle capacity in wind, solar, and hydroelectric power. The development of sewer networks and treatment facilities in urban areas will be sped up. We will boost resource conservation and recycling and encourage the construction of eco-friendly buildings.

We will reform and improve environmental economic policies, accelerate the development of green finance, develop leading enterprises specializing in environmental protection, and enhance our capacity for green development.

加强生态系统保护修复。推进山水林田湖草生态保护修复工程试点,持续抓好国土绿化、防沙治沙、水土流失治理和生物多样性保护。深化国家公园体制改革。绿色发展人人有责,贵在行动、成在坚持。我们要共同努力,让人民群众享有美丽宜居环境。

We will step up efforts to protect and restore ecosystems.

We will press ahead with trials to conserve and restore the ecosystems of mountains, rivers, lakes, forests, farmland, and grassland. We will continue to strengthen afforestation, desertification prevention and control, the prevention of soil erosion, and the protection of biodiversity. Reform of the national parks system will be deepened

Promoting green development is down to every last one of us; its success hinges on action and commitment. We must all work together to create a beautiful and livable environment for our people.

来源:网络 日期:2019年3月7日

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