Buddhism originated in ancient India. After it was introduced into China, the religion went through an extended period of integrated development with indigenous Confucianism and Taoism. Xuanzang, the monk of the Tang Dynasty who endured untold sufferings as he went on a pilgrimages to the west for Buddhist scriptures, gave full expression to the determination and fortitude of the Chinese people to learn from other culthres. T he Chinese people have developed Buddhism and come up with some speial Buddhist culture. They have also helped spread the religion to Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia and beyond.
Over the past 2,000 years and more, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity have been introduced into China, allowing the country’s music, painting and literature to benefit from the advantages of other cultures. China’s freehand oil painting is an innovative combination of traditional Chinese painting and Western oil painting, and the works of Xu Beihong and other masters have been widely acclaimed. China’s Four Great Inventions, namely, papermaking, gunpowder, movable-type printing and the compass, led to changes in the world, including the European Renaissance.
Many Chinese achievements have been included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage, World Intangible Cultural Heritage and Memory of the World Lists.