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发布日期:2022-08-08      阅读数:371 次


Upholding the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons for World Peace and Development



– Remarks by H.E. Ambassador Fu Cong, Head of
the Chinese Delegation and Director-General of the Department of Arms Control of
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, at the
10th Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT



August 2nd, New York




Your Excellency President,




Let me extend, on behalf of the Chinese
Delegation, my congratulations on your election to the presidency of the
Conference. Let me also extend my congratulations to the newly-elected Chairs of
the three Main Committees. I assure you my delegation’s full support to your




Having withstood the vicissitudes of the
international landscape over the last 50-plus years, the Treaty on the
Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) has become the cornerstone of the
international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime and a vital
component of the post-war international security system.


Today, we live in a world where profound
changes and the COVID-19 pandemic, both unseen in a century, are intertwined.
The specter of Cold War mentality is there to stay, and the outdated approach to
security based on military alliances has resurfaced. Driven by the obsession
with so-called major-power strategic competition, the global strategic security
environment continues to deteriorate, and risks of arms race and conflicts are
growing. As a result, the international non-proliferation regime represented by
the NPT is significantly strained and even faces new and the most severe
challenges since the end of the Cold War.




It is incumbent on all of us to take this
Review Conference as an opportunity to uphold the authority and effectiveness of
the NPT, promote the three pillars of nuclear disarmament, nuclear
non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy in a balanced manner, in a
bid to breathe new life into the NPT in promoting world peace and development.
To this end, China proposes the following:




First, we need to uphold the concept of common
security in advancing international nuclear disarmament. China is firmly
committed to the path of peaceful development and a nuclear strategy of
self-defense, and undertakes not to be the first to use nuclear weapons at any
time and under any circumstances. While firmly safeguarding its national
sovereignty, security and territorial integrity, China always keeps its nuclear
capability at the minimum level required for safeguarding national security. We
never compete with any country on the input, quantity or scale of its nuclear
capability, nor do we participate in any form of nuclear arms race with any
other country. With a high level of stability, consistency and predictability,
China’s nuclear policy in itself is an important contribution to the
international nuclear disarmament endeavor.




The principles of “maintaining global strategic
stability” and “undiminished security for all” should be followed in the
practices of nuclear disarmament. The countries with the largest nuclear
arsenals should further conduct significant and substantive reduction in their
nuclear arsenals in a verifiable, irreversible and legally binding manner. This
will create conditions for other nuclear-weapon States to join the nuclear
disarmament process.




Nuclear-weapon States need to work together to
reduce nuclear risks. On January 3rd this year, the leaders of China, Russia,
the United States, the United Kingdom and France issued a Joint Statement,
stressing that a nuclear war cannot be won and must not be fought, and
reaffirming that none of their nuclear weapons are targeted at each other or at
any other State. This historic statement is helpful in enhancing mutual trust
among major countries, preventing nuclear wars, and avoiding an arms


On that basis, the five nuclear-weapon States
need to further strengthen communication on strategic stability, and conduct
in-depth dialogue on reducing the role of nuclear weapons in their national
security doctrines and on a broad range of issues, including missile defense,
outer space, cyberspace, and artificial intelligence. Nuclear-weapon States
should also strengthen dialogue with non-nuclear-weapon States to enhance mutual
understanding and support.




Second, we need to adhere to the direction of
political settlement in addressing the challenges of nuclear-proliferation. All
parties concerned should stay committed to bringing the JCPOA back on track at
an early date through diplomatic negotiations, and reject the practices of
pressuring with sanctions and threat of force. The U.S. should completely lift
its relevant illegal sanctions on Iran and long-arm jurisdiction measures on
third parties. On that basis, Iran should return to full compliance with its
nuclear commitments.




The international community should reject
double standards in the area of non-proliferation. The nuclear-powered submarine
cooperation among the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia poses
severe nuclear proliferation risks, in contravention of the object and purpose
of the NPT. The review conference should conduct in-depth discussions on its
implications in all aspects, including its challenges to the IAEA safeguards
system, in order to firmly uphold the international non-proliferation




The security situation on the Korean Peninsula
remains complex and severe. We need to follow the dual track approach and the
principle of phased and synchronized actions in advancing the process towards
the establishment of a peace mechanism and denuclearization on the Korean




The so-called nuclear sharing arrangements run
counter to the provisions of the NPT and increase the risks of nuclear
proliferation and nuclear conflicts. The United States should withdraw all its
nuclear weapons from Europe and refrain from deploying nuclear weapons in any
other region. The relevant non-nuclear-weapon States should earnestly fulfill
their NPT obligations and their own commitments, stop instigating nuclear
sharing or other forms of nuclear deterrence arrangements. Any attempt to
replicate the NATO’s nuclear sharing model in the Asia-Pacific region would
undermine regional strategic stability and would be firmly opposed by the
countries in the region and, when necessary, face severe




The establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones
is conducive to attaining the goal of nuclear non-proliferation. The
international community should make every endeavor to support the establishment
of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and other Weapons of Mass
Destruction. Nuclear-weapon States should sign and ratify all the relevant
protocols to the nuclear-weapons-free zone treaties as early as possible,
including the Central Asia Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons. China is willing to
take the lead in signing the Protocol to the Treaty on the Southeast Asia
Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone.




Third, we need to commit to the fundamental
goal of common development and promote the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The
international community should support the IAEA in playing a central role,
increase funding and technological support for developing countries, fully
unleash the potential of nuclear energy and nuclear technology in addressing
climate change and promoting green development, and contribute to faster
implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. All parties
should take this Review Conference as an opportunity to jointly map out a new
blueprint for promoting international cooperation in the peaceful uses of
nuclear energy.




We must take a balanced approach towards
non-proliferation and peaceful uses. Some countries seek to create divisions
along ideological lines, stretch the concept of national security, abuse
multilateral export control regime, and even attempt to create a new version of
the Coordinating Committee for Export to Communist Countries, all in the name of
non-proliferation. We must resolutely reject such practices, which go against
the trend of the times, disrupt normal international cooperation, and harm the
legitimate rights and interests of developing countries.




Nuclear safety and security is the lifeline of
nuclear energy development and nuclear technology application. The peaceful uses
of nuclear energy should not come at the expense of the natural environment and
human health. Japan should seriously respond to the legitimate concerns of its
neighbouring countries and the international community at large regarding the
disposal of nuclear-contaminated water from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power
plant accident, fully consult with the stakeholders and the relevant
international agencies, in order to find an appropriate solution to dispose of
the nuclear-contaminated water.




Mr. President,




We humanity are living in an indivisible
security community. Cold War mentality would only wreck the global peace
framework. Hegemonism and power politics would only endanger world peace. And
bloc confrontation would only exacerbate security challenges in the
21st-century. This April, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed a Global
Security Initiative at the opening ceremony of the Annual Conference of the Boao
Forum for Asia. This initiative highlights the necessity to stay committed to
the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, to
giving due regard to the legitimate security concerns of all countries, to
upholding the principle of indivisible security and building a balanced,
effective and sustainable security architecture. Guided by this initiative,
China is ready to join hands with all countries to continuously strengthen the
universality, authority and effectiveness of the NPT, to inject stability and
certainty into this era of turbulence and transformation, and make new
contribution to world peace, stability and prosperity.




To conclude, I wish this conference a great




Thank you, Mr. President.


来源:外交部 日期:2022年8月4日



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