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Alienation

发布日期:2019-07-04      阅读数:24 次
Alienation
                                                                         Written by Erich Fromm (1900-1980)

By alienation is meant a mode of experience in which the person experiences himself as an alien.  He has become, one might say, estranged from himself.  He does not experience himself as the center of his world, as the creator of his own acts — but his acts and their consequences have become his masters, whom he obeys, or whom he may even worship.  The alienated person is out of touch with himself as he is out of touch with any other person.  He, like the others, is experiences as things are experienced; with the senses and with common sense, but at the same time without being related to oneself and to the world outside positively.

疏离

                                                                                                       作者:弗罗姆(德国精神分析学家及社会哲学家)·《健全的社会》


疏离,指的是人在体验自己时,把自己视为外人的一种体验模式。有人说,这是自己疏远了自己。这种人不觉得自己是个人世界的中心,不认为自己的行为是自己所做的,相反地,行为和行为的后果才是他的主宰,他必须服从甚至崇拜。疏离的人疏远自己,就好像是他在疏远别人一样。他就像其他人,他的被经验方式和事物的被经验方式没有两样;他用感官和常识来体验,却无法同时与自己活外在世界产生明确的关联。

来源:英语文学菁华

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