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CATTI二级笔译实务:天才纳什

发布日期:2018-12-09      阅读数:116 次


1928年,纳什出生在美国西弗吉尼亚州。他很早就表现出出色的数学天赋,高中还未毕业就已经独立证明了费马小定理。
Born in West Virginiain 1928, Nash displayed acuity for mathematics early in his life, independently proving Fermat’s little theorem before graduating from high school.
 
1958年,而立之年的纳什已是名副其实的学术界名人。在普林斯顿,纳什一篇27页的论文颠覆了博弈论领域,博弈论此后被广泛应用于经济学、国际政治以及进化生物学领域。
By the time he turned 30 in1958, he was a bona fide academic celebrity.  At  Princeton, Nash published a 27-page thesis that upended the field of game theory and led to applications in economics, international politics, and evolutionary biology.
 
著名的解决方案“纳什均衡”就是由他发现并以他的名字命名。纳什均衡指博弈双方不一定受到零和逻辑的约束,比如,博弈双方可以通过合作均取得最大收益,或者不合作承担零收益(但也没有损失)。
His signature solution – known as a “Nash Equilibrium” – found that competition among two opponents is not necessarily governed by zero-sum logic.  Two opponents can, for instance, each achieve their maximum objectives through cooperating with the other, or gain nothing at all by refusing to cooperate.
 
这表面看来似乎很好理解的理论却已成为20世纪最重要的社会学观点之一,而这也是纳什卓越智慧的证明。
This intuitive, deceptively simple understanding is regarded as one of the most important social science ideas in the 20th century, and a testament to his almost singular intellectual gifts.
 
但是,自20世纪50年代末,纳什开始受到精神疾病的折磨,经诊断他患上了精神分裂症。他因此离婚,事业毁于一旦,他自己也饱受幻觉的折磨。
But in the late 1950s, Nash began a slide into mental illness – later diagnosed as schizophrenia – that would cost him his marriage, derail his career, and plague him with powerful delusions.


来源:CATTI笔译备考实训(汉译英)

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