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中国时政术语汉英对照(2012-2018年)

发布日期:2020-06-23      阅读数:26 次

中国时政术语汉英对照(2012-2018年)
A Chinese-English Political Glossary in Chinese Documents and Media (2012-2018)
 
 
【编者按】

为加强中国时政术语对外译介的标准化和规范化,助力提升国家翻译能力建设的精准性和实效性,当代中国与世界研究院、中国翻译研究院汇总梳理2012-2018年中国时政术语,结合对外话语创新工作需要,按照“五位一体”总体布局的谋划部署,从政治、经济、文化、社会、生态文明、外交、全球化等七个方面分类遴选450余条汉英对照关键词汇,经中国翻译协会国家重大翻译项目审定工作委员会和中国翻译研究院重点翻译任务统筹工作机制研商审定,现对外发布,供业界及相关人员参考使用。
 
 
目  录

一、 政治领域 
二、 经济领域  
三、 文化领域
四、 社会领域
五、 生态文明领域
六、 外交领域
七、 全球化领域
 
一、政治领域 POLITICS

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想 Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era
2 中国梦 the Chinese Dream
3 “两个一百年”奋斗目标 the “Two Centenary” goals
4 第一个百年奋斗目标 the first centenary goal
5 中国特色社会主义进入新时代 Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.
6 中国共产党人的初心和使命 the original aspiration and the mission of the CPC
7 中国特色社会主义道路 the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics
8 新的历史特点的伟大斗争 the great struggle with many historical features
9 党的建设新的伟大工程 the great new project of Party building
10 中国特色社会主义伟大事业 the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics
11 以人民为中心的发展思想 the people-centered philosophy of development
12 “五位一体”总体布局 the Five-sphere Integrated Plan
13 “四个全面”战略布局 the Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy
14 “四个自信” the “Four Matters of Confidence” (Confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics)
15 中国方案 the Chinese Approach
16 新时代中国特色社会主义基本方略 the basic strategy for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era
17 党是最高政治领导力量 The Party is the highest force for political leadership.
18 坚持党对一切工作的领导 ensuring Party leadership over all work
19 稳中求进工作总基调 the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability
20 新时代中国特色社会主义发展战略安排 the strategic vision for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era
21 全面建成小康社会 building a moderately prosperous society in all respects
22 全面建成小康社会新的目标要求 the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects
23 全面建设社会主义现代化强国 building a great modern socialist country in all respects
24 “十三五”规划 the 13th Five-Year Plan
25 三大攻坚战
(防范化解重大风险攻坚战、精准脱贫攻坚战、污染防治攻坚战 Three Tough Battles (preventing and defusing financial risks, targeted poverty alleviation, and pollution control)
26 全面深化改革 comprehensively deepening reform
27 国家治理体系和治理能力现代化 the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance
28 深化党和国家机构改革 deepening the reform of Party and State institutions
29 顶层设计 top-level design
30 顶层设计和摸着石头过河的关系 the relationship between Top-level design and advancing with caution
31 改革实干家 an entrepreneur of reform
32 权力清单制度 system of lists of government powers
33 中国特色社会主义政治发展道路 the socialist path of making political advance with Chinese characteristics
34 人民当家作主 people are the masters of the country / running of the country by the people
35 党的领导、人民当家作主、依法治国
有机统一 the unity of the leadership of the Party, the position of the people as masters of the country and law-based governance
36 人民代表大会制度 the People’s Congress system
37 社会主义协商民主 the socialist consultative democracy
38 党内民主 intra-Party democracy
39 全面依法治国 law-based governance in all respects
40 中国特色社会主义法治道路 the path of law-based governance under Chinese socialism
41 社会主义法治体系 the system of socialist rule of law
42 机构和行政体制改革 reform of Party and government institutions and the system of government administration
43 转变政府职能 transforming government functions
44 简政放权 streamlining administration and delegating power
45 简政放权、放管结合、优化服务改革
[“放、管、服”改革] the reform of streamlining administration, delegating power, strengthening regulation and improving service
46 决不允许搞选择性执法、任性执法 There can be no tolerance for selective or arbitrary law enforcement.
47 爱国统一战线 the Patriotic United Front
48 坚持“一国两制”和推进祖国统一 upholding “One Country, Two Systems” and moving toward national reunification
49 中国大陆 the Chinese Mainland / China’s Mainland
50 “一国两制” “One Country, Two Systems”
51 “九二共识” the 1992 Consensus
52 全面从严治党 ensuring full and strict governance over the Party
53 保持战略定力 maintain strategic resolve
54 新时代党的建设总要求 the general requirements for Party building for the new era
55 党的政治建设 the Party’s political building
56 党的思想建设 the ideological work of the CPC / building the Party through theory
57 党的组织建设 improving the Party’s organizational structures
58 党的作风建设 promoting ethical standards within the Party
59 党的纪律建设 strengthening Party discipline
60 党的制度建设 the Party’s institutional development
61 党的政治纪律和政治规矩 the political discipline and political rules of the Party
62 “两个维护” the “Two Upholds” (Upholding General Secretary Xi Jinping’s position as the core of the CPC Central Committee and the whole Party, as well as the authority of the CPC Central Committee and its centralized, unified leadership)
63 “四个意识” the “Four Consciousnesses” (maintain political integrity, think in terms of the big picture, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership)
64 党的群众路线教育实践活动 the Mass Line Education and Practice Movement of the Party
65 “三严三实”专题教育 the Special Education Program of the “Three Stricts and Three Earnests” (three guidelines for ethical behaviour and three basic rules of conduct)
66 “两学一做”学习教育 the “Two Studies and One Action” Education Campaign
67 新时期好干部标准 standards for good officials in the new era
68 “中央八项规定” the “Eight-point Regulation of the CPC Central Committee”
69 反对“四风” oppose the “Four Forms of Decadence” (formalism, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance)
70 形式主义 formalism
71 决不能“新官不理旧账” New officials must continue to meet the commitment undertaken by their predecessors.
72 反腐败斗争压倒性胜利 a sweeping victory in the fight against corruption
73 赢得反腐败斗争压倒性胜利 securing a sweeping victory in the fight against corruption
74 反腐败无禁区、全覆盖、零容忍 There are no no-go zones, no ground is left unturned, and no tolerance is shown for corruption.
75 “打虎”“拍蝇”“猎狐” “taking out tigers,” “swatting flies,” and “hunting down foxes” (anti-corruption actions against high-ranking officials, low-ranking officials, and fugitive officials that fled overseas)
76 把权力关进制度的笼子 confining power within an institutional cage
77 巡视制度 the inspection tour system
78 深化政治巡视 deepening political inspection
79 国家监察体制改革 reform of the national supervision system
80 全面增强执政本领 comprehensively strengthening the governance ability
 
 
二、经济领域 ECONOMY

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 新发展理念 new concept for development
2 创新发展 innovative development
3 协调发展 coordinated development
4 绿色发展 green development
5 开放发展 open development
6 共享发展 shared development
7 建设现代化经济体系 developing a modernized economy
8 高质量发展 high-quality development
9 市场在资源配置中起决定性作用 the decisive role of the market in resource allocation
10 健全宏观调控体系 improving the macro regulatory system
11 经济发展新常态 a new normal for economic development
12 中国经济新常态 the new normal of China’s economy
13 稳就业、稳金融、稳外贸、稳外资、
稳投资、稳预期 stabilizing the employment, the financial market, foreign trade, foreign investment, domestic investment, and expectations
14 供给侧结构性改革 supply-side structural reform
15 “破、立、降” cutting ineffective supply, fostering new growth drivers, and reducing costs
16 中国制造2025 Made in China 2025
17 国家大数据战略 the National Big Data Strategy
18 包容性增长 inclusive growth
19 发挥经济体制改革的牵引作用 letting economic structural reform play the role in leading other reforms
20 创新驱动发展战略 the Innovation-driven Development Strategy
21 创新型国家 innovative country
22 网络强国战略 the National Cyber Development Strategy
23 “互联网+”行动计划 the “Internet Plus” Action Plan
24 大众创业、万众创新 mass entrepreneurship and innovation
25 乡村振兴战略 the Rural Revitalization Strategy
26 “三农”问题 issues relating to agriculture, rural areas and the wellbeing of farmers
27 农村承包地“三权”分置改革 rural land contract reform: separation of ownership rights, contractors’ rights and land management rights
28 新型城镇化道路 the path for new-type urbanization
29 区域协调发展战略 the Coordinated Regional Development Strategy
30 粤港澳大湾区 Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area
31 京津冀协同发展 coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region
32 雄安新区 Xiong’an New Area
33 长江经济带 the Yangtze Economic Belt
34 社会主义市场经济体制 the socialist market economy
35 加快完善社会主义市场经济体制 speeding up the improvement of the socialist market economy
36 国企改革攻坚战 reform of state-owned enterprises
37 亲清新型政商关系 a cordial and clean relationship between government and business
38 人民币纳入特别提款权货币篮子 RMB’s inclusion in the Special Drawing Right (SDR) basket
39 推动形成全面开放新格局 making new ground in pursuing opening up on all fronts
40 高水平开放 high-level opening up
41 加快实施自由贸易区战略 accelerating the free trade zone strategy
42 扩大内陆沿边开放 further opening up China’s inland and border regions
43 中国(上海)自由贸易试验区 China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone
44 海南自由贸易港 Hainan Free Trade Port
 
 
三、文化领域 CULTURE

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 中国特色社会主义文化发展道路 cultural development under socialism with Chinese characteristics
2 意识形态工作领导权 the CPC’s leadership over ideological work
3 牢牢掌握意识形态工作领导权 holding firmly the leading position in ideological work
4 社会主义核心价值体系 the system of core socialist values
5 坚持社会主义核心价值体系 upholding the core socialist values
6 社会主义核心价值观 core values of socialism
7 培育和践行社会主义核心价值观 fostering core values of socialism
8 中华民族共同体意识 the sense of community for the Chinese nation
9 推动中华优秀传统文化创造性转化、创新性发展 promoting innovative transformation and development of traditional Chinese culture
10 中国精神 the Chinese Spirit
11 中国价值 the Chinese Value
12 中国力量 the Chinese Power
13 红色资源 the Red Resources (sites and heritage related to the revolutionary traditions of the CPC)
14 讲好中国故事 Tell China’s stories
15 红船精神 the spirit of the Red Boat
16 井冈山精神 the spirit of Jinggang Mountains
17 古田会议精神 the spirit of the Gutian Meeting
18 苏区精神 the spirit of Former Central Soviet Areas
19 长征精神 the spirit of the Long March
20 遵义会议精神 the spirit of the Zunyi Meeting
21 抗战精神 the spirit of the Anti-Japanese War
22 太行精神 the spirit of the Taihang Revolutionary Base Area
23 延安精神 the spirit of Yan’an
24 抗大精神 the spirit of the Military and Political University of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression
25 白求恩精神 the spirit of Norman Bethune
26 南泥湾精神 the spirit of Nanniwan
27 整风精神 the spirit of the Yan’an Rectification Movement
28 西柏坡精神 the spirit of Xibaipo
29 沂蒙精神 the spirit of the Yimeng Old Revolutionary Base Area
30 红岩精神 the spirit of Revolutionary Martyrs in Red Crag
31 张思德精神 the spirit of Zhang Side
32 吕梁精神 the spirit of Lvliang
33 “两路”精神 the spirit of the “Two Roads” (the Sichuan-Tibet and Qinghai-Tibet Highway)
34 红旗渠精神 the spirit of the Hongqi Canal
35 “两弹一星”精神 the spirit of “Two Bombs, One Satellite” (Two Bombs refers to the atomic bomb and the intercontinental ballistic missile, while One Satellite refers to the artificial satellite)
36 雷锋精神 the spirit of Lei Feng
37 大庆精神 the spirit of Daqing
38 铁人精神 the spirit of “Iron Man”
39 焦裕禄精神 the spirit of Jiao Yulu
40 女排精神 the spirit of the Chinese National Women’s Volleyball Team
41 九八抗洪精神 the spirit of Combating the Floods in 1998
42 抗击非典精神 the spirit of Combating SARS
43 载人航天精神 the spirit of China’s Manned Space Program
44 青藏铁路精神 the spirit of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway
45 抗震救灾精神 the spirit of Earthquake Relief
46 北京奥运精神 the spirit of the Beijing Olympics
47 塞罕坝精神 the spirit of Saihanba
48 莫高精神 the spirit of the Mogao Grottoes
49 爱国主义精神 the spirit of patriotism
50 劳模精神 the spirit of model workers
51 钉钉子精神 the spirit of perseverance
52 企业家精神 the spirit of entrepreneurship
53 改革创新精神 the spirit of reform and innovation
54 小岗精神 the spirit of Xiaogang
55 工匠精神 the spirit of craftsmanship
56 特区精神 the spirit of Special Economic Zones
57 右玉精神 the spirit of Youyu
58 丝路精神 the Silk Road spirit
59 上海精神 the Shanghai spirit
60 治大国若烹小鲜 Governing a big country is like cooking small fish. (Those who govern the country must be meticulous and thoughtful and take all factors into consideration, so that their policies and measures benefit everyone.)
61 大道至简 Great truths are always simple.
62 “两岸一家亲” People on both sides of the Taiwan Straits are of the same family.
63 “我将无我,不负人民。” I will work selflessly and live up to the expectations of the people.
I will fully commit to my people and never fail the people.
I am ready to set aside my own interests in service of the people.
I will never seek my own good and never fail the people.
64 文化惠民工程 cultural programs in the public interest
65 新媒体 new media
66 融媒体 integrated media
67 多媒体 multimedia
68 全媒体 omnimedia
 
 
四、社会领域 THE SOCIETY

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 新时代中国社会主要矛盾 principal conflict facing Chinese society in the new era
2 人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾 the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life
3 在发展中保障和改善民生 Ensuring and improving living standards through development.
4 让人民群众有更多获得感 Enabling the people to have a greater sense of fulfillment.
5 科教兴国战略 the Strategy for Invigorating China through Science and Education
6 人才强国战略 the Strategy on Developing a Quality Workforce
7 就业是最大的民生 Employment is pivotal to people’s wellbeing.
8 全面建成多层次社会保障体系 comprehensively building a multi-tiered social security system
9 共有产权住房 shared ownership housing
10 共同富裕 common prosperity
11 人的全面发展 well-rounded human development
12 先富帮后富 Those who get rich first help and drive others to get rich later.
13 消除贫困是社会主义本质要求 The eradication of poverty is an essential requirement of socialism.
14 脱贫攻坚是以人民为中心发展思想的重要体现 Poverty alleviation is an important embodiment of the people-centered philosophy of development.
15 绝对贫困 absolute poverty
16 相对贫困 relative poverty
17 贫困代际传递 intergenerational transmission of poverty
18 贫困发生率 poverty ratio
19 脱贫攻坚战 the fight against poverty
20 坚决打赢脱贫攻坚战 Resolutely win the battle against poverty.
21 打赢脱贫攻坚战三年行动 the three-year action plan of winning the battle against poverty
22 区域性整体贫困 overall regional poverty
23 解决区域性整体贫困 eliminating overall regional poverty
24 以脱贫攻坚统揽经济社会发展全局 taking overall planning of economic and social development by eradicating poverty
25 现行标准下农村贫困人口实现脱贫 enabling all the rural population living below the current poverty line shake off poverty
26 两不愁三保障 two assurances and three guarantees
27 整体消除绝对贫困现象 eradicating absolute poverty
28 悬崖效应 the cliff effect
29 坚持党对脱贫攻坚的领导 upholding the leadership of the Party in poverty alleviation
30 “五级书记” Party secretaries at five levels (the CPC Central committee, provincial committee, municipal committee, county-level committee, and village committee)
31 强化党政一把手负总责(脱贫) strengthening the responsibility of the principal leader of the Party and government (in poverty alleviation)
32 中央扶贫开发工作会议 Conference of the CPC Central Committee on Poverty Alleviation and Development
33 党建促扶贫 boosting poverty alleviation through Party building
34 “最后一公里”(脱贫) the “last-mile” (in poverty alleviation)
35 贫困地区 impoverished areas
36 深度贫困地区 severely impoverished areas
37 “三区三州” “Three Regions and Three Prefectures” (Three Regions refers to the Tibet Autonomous Region, the Tibetan areas of Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, and Yunnan provinces, as well as Hetian, Aksu, Kashi, Kizilsu Kyrgyz in the south of Xinjiang Autonomous Region. Three Prefectures refers to Liangshan prefecture in Sichuan, Nujiang prefecture in Yunnan and Linxia prefecture in Gansu.)
38 “直过民族” the directly-entering-socialism ethnic groups
39 贫困县 poor counties
40 贫困户 poor households
41 贫困村 poor villages
42 整村推进(脱贫) whole-village pushing forward (in poverty alleviation)
43 十八洞村 Shibadong Village
44 补短板 improving weak links
45 问题导向 problem-oriented
46 精准扶贫 targeted poverty alleviation
47 “四个问题” the “four key issues” (in poverty alleviation)
48 建档立卡 poverty registration
49 “回头看” follow-up checks
50 “五个一批” the “Five-pronged Poverty Alleviation Measures” (developing production, relocation, ecological compensation, development of education, securing basic needs through social security)
51 “六个精准” the “Six Precisions” in poverty alleviation (precision of target, measures to the household, use of funds, stationing of first village secretary, and effect of poverty alleviation)
52 “七个强化” the “Seven Strengthening” (strengthening theoretical competence, the sense of mission, responsibility, work in poverty alleviation, the awareness of development, honesty and self-discipline, and organizational construction)
53 因地制宜 adjusting measures to local conditions
54 因户施策 taking targeted measures for each household
55 综合施策 taking holistic approaches
56 贫困县全部摘帽 Lifting all poor counties out of poverty.
57 摘帽不摘政策 Poverty relief policies will continue after counties being removed from the poverty list.
58 驻村帮扶 Stationing cadres in poor villages to boost poverty alleviation.
59 基本公共服务 basic public services
60 稳定脱贫长效机制 stabilizing the long-term mechanism for poverty alleviation
61 两线合一 unifying the standard of rural poverty alleviation allowance and the standard of rural subsistence allowance
62 整合涉农资金 integrating funds related to agriculture
63 易地搬迁扶贫 poverty alleviation by relocation
64 社会保障兜底 poverty alleviation by securing basic needs through social security
65 医疗保险和医疗救助脱贫 poverty alleviation by providing medical insurance and aid
66 健康扶贫 poverty alleviation by improving health care
67 公益岗位扶贫 poverty alleviation by providing public welfare jobs
68 专项扶贫 poverty alleviation by special programs
69 金融扶贫 financial poverty alleviation
70 城乡用地增减挂钩 linking the increase in land used for urban construction with the decrease in land used for rural construction
71 大扶贫格局 the all-encompassing campaign against poverty / broad participation in poverty alleviation
72 定点扶贫 pairing-off assistance in poverty alleviation
73 社会扶贫 social assistance in poverty alleviation
74 东西部扶贫协作 east-west pairing-off cooperation for poverty alleviation
75 底线任务 bottom-line tasks
76 “扶真贫、真扶贫” helping those in need and delivering genuine outcomes
77 提高脱贫质量 enhancing the quality of poverty alleviation
78 干部轮训 cadres’ training in rotation
79 脱贫攻坚责任书 the letter of commitment on poverty alleviation
80 中央统筹、省总负责、市县抓落实 a working mechanism whereby the central leadership makes overall plans, provincial authorities take overall responsibility, and city and county authorities ensure implementation
81 “绣花功夫” “being meticulous like doing embroidery”
82 阳光扶贫 transparency in poverty alleviation
83 第三方评估机制 third party evaluation mechanism
84 扶贫领域腐败和作风问题专项治理 special rectification of corruption and misconduct in poverty alleviation
85 最严格的考核评估 the strictest examination and evaluation of poverty alleviation
86 开发式扶贫 development-oriented poverty alleviation
87 内生动力 internal impetus for poverty elimination
88 扶贫同扶志扶智结合 the combination of poverty alleviation and increasing people’s confidence and enriching their knowledge
89 产业扶贫 poverty alleviation by developing industries
90 光伏扶贫 poverty alleviation by developing the photovoltaic industry
91 教育扶贫 poverty alleviation by developing education
92 生态保护扶贫 poverty alleviation by ecological protection
93 联合国千年发展目标 the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the United Nations
94 南南合作 South-South cooperation
95 没有贫困的人类命运共同体 a poverty-free community with a shared future for mankind
96 健康中国战略 the Healthy China Initiative
97 共建共治共享的社会治理格局 a social governance model based on collaboration, participation, and common interests
98 智慧社会 smart society
99 平安中国 the Safe China Initiative
100 总体国家安全观 a holistic approach to national security
101 少数民族 ethnic minorities
102 中国人民抗日战争胜利纪念日 the Victory Day of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression
 
 
五、生态文明领域 ECO-CIVILIZATION

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 习近平生态文明思想 Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization
2 “绿水青山就是金山银山” “Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets.”
3 人与自然和谐共生 harmony between man and nature
4 可持续发展战略 strategy for sustainable development
5 社会主义生态文明观 the socialist approach to ecological civilization
6 生态文明理念 the philosophy of ecological civilization
7 生态文明体制改革 reform of the system of ecological civilization
8 建设美丽中国 building a beautiful China
9 污染防治攻坚战 the battle against pollution
10 蓝天保卫战 winning the fight to keep the sky blue
11 绿色发展 green development
12 循环发展 circular development
13 低碳发展 low carbon development
14 永续发展 sustainable development
15 资源节约型环境友好型社会 resource-conserving and environment-friendly society
16 国土空间开发格局 the national spatial development pattern
17 生态经济体系 eco-economic system
18 生态城市 eco-cities
19 绿色供应链管理 green supply chain management
20 绿色金融 green finance
21 绿色科技 green science and technology
22 生态农业 ecological agriculture
23 大气污染防治行动计划 Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan
24 水污染防治行动计划 Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan
25 土壤污染防治行动计划 Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan
26 固体废物资源化无害化 recycling and hazard-free treatment of solid waste
27 “无废城市”建设 building a zero-waste city
28 绿色矿山建设 green mining construction
29 能源革命 energy revolution
30 节能环保产业 energy conservation and environmental protection industry
31 清洁能源产业 clean-energy industries
32 清洁生产产业 clean-production industries
33 山水林田湖草系统治理 a holistic approach to conserving mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes, and grasslands
34 重要生态系统保护和修复 protect and restore key ecosystems
35 生物多样性保护工程 biodiversity protection project
36 生态安全体系与生态屏障 ecological security system and ecological barriers
37 长江黄河生态系统保护 ecosystem protection for the Yangtze River and the Yellow River
38 海洋生态环境与保护 marine ecological environment protection
39 应对气候变化与国家自主行动 addressing climate change and intended national actions
40 防灾减灾体系 disaster prevention and mitigation system
41 生态文化 ecological culture
42 资源环境国情宣传 national publicity on resources and environment
43 绿色生活方式和绿色消费 eco-friendly lifestyle and green consumption
44 资源全面节约制度 the comprehensive resource conservation system
45 自然资源资产产权制度 the property rights system of natural resource assets
46 自然资源用途管制制度 the regulation system for the use of natural resources
47 自然资源有偿使用制度 the compensation system for the use of natural resources
48 自然资源资产负债表 the balance sheet of natural resources
49 自然资源资产离任审计 off-office auditing of natural resource assets
50 生态环境保护制度 the system of ecological and environmental protection
51 现代环境治理体系 modern environmental management system
52 生态保护红线 ecological red lines
53 生态文明体制改革 reform of the ecological civilization system
54 生态文明标准体系 the standard system of ecological civilization
55 生态系统休养生息制度 the system of ecological restoration
56 生态补偿制度 the system of ecological compensation
57 以国家公园为主的自然保护地 natural reserves with national parks as the main part
58 统计监测与综合评价 statistical monitoring and comprehensive evaluation
59 环境信用评价制度 the system of environmental credit assessment
60 环境影响评价制度 the system of environmental impact assessment
61 污染防治区域联动 regional cooperation on pollution prevention and control
62 中央环境保护督察制度 the inspection system of the central government for environmental protection
63 生态环境监管制度 the supervision system of ecological environment
64 环境信息公开制度 the system of environmental information disclosure
65 环境保护公众参与 public participation in environmental protection
66 生态文明实验区建设 construction of ecological civilization pilot zones
 
 
六、外交领域 FOREIGN AFFAIRS

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 习近平外交思想 Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy
2 中国特色大国外交 major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics
3 和平发展道路 the path of peaceful development
4 新型国际关系 a new form of international relations
5 “亲、诚、惠、容”理念 the philosophy of “amity, honesty, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness”
6 中国—东盟命运共同体 the community with a shared future for China and ASEAN
7 周边命运共同体 a neighborhood community with a shared future
8 正确义利观 the correct concept of justice and interests
9 “真、实、亲、诚”理念 the philosophy of “true, practicability, amity, and honesty”
10 中非命运共同体 the community with a shared future for China and Africa
11 中拉命运共同体 the community with a shared future for China and Latin America
12 正确历史观 the correct perspective of history
13 正确大局观 the correct perspective of overall situation
14 正确角色观 the correct perspective on China’s role
15 中非合作论坛 Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
16 中阿合作论坛 China Arab States Cooperation Forum
17 中国—中东欧国家合作 Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries
18 中德全方位战略伙伴关系 China-Germany all-round strategic partnership
19 共同打造中欧和平、增长、改革、文明四大伙伴关系 jointly building the China-EU partnership of peace, growth, reform and civilization
20 谱写中拉全面合作伙伴关系新篇章 jointly writing a new chapter in China-Latin America comprehensive cooperative partnership
21 发展中俄新时代全面战略协作伙伴关系 developing China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era
22 中非全面战略合作伙伴关系 China-Africa comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership
23 中国共产党与世界政党高层对话会 CPC in Dialogue with World Political Parties High-level Meeting
24 推动紧密持久的中法全面战略伙伴关系 promoting the close and lasting China-France comprehensive strategic partnership
25 共同打造中英关系“黄金时代” jointly forging a “Golden Era” of China-UK relations
26 中央外事工作委员会 The Central Foreign Affairs Commission
 
 
七、全球化领域 WORLD AFFAIRS

编号 词条中文 英文译法
1 构建人类命运共同体 building a community with a shared future for humanity
2 促进全球治理体系变革 promoting the reform of global governance system
3 “一带一路” The Belt and Road Initiative
4 核安全观 nuclear safety strategy
5 交流互鉴的文明观 exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations
6 新型亚洲安全观 the new Asian security concept
7 全球伙伴关系 global partnership
8 新发展观 a new vision on development
9 网络空间命运共同体 building a community with a shared future in cyberspace
10 经济全球化观 the concept of economic globalization
11 全球治理观 the concept of global governance
12 金砖国家新开发银行 New Development Bank
13 亚太经合组织北京峰会 APEC Beijing Summit
14 共建面向未来的亚太伙伴关系 jointly building the future-oriented Asia-Pacific partnership
15 世界互联网大会 World Internet Conference
16 合作应对气候变化 cooperation in addressing climate change
17 亚洲基础设施投资银行 Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
18 二十国集团领导人杭州峰会 G20 Hangzhou Summit
19 金砖国家领导人厦门会晤 BRICS Xiamen Summit
20 深化金砖伙伴关系 deepening BRICS partnership
21 上海合作组织青岛峰会 SCO Qingdao Summit
22 首届中国国际进口博览会 the first China International Import Expo
23 丝绸之路经济带 The Silk Road Economic Belt
24 21 世纪海上丝绸之路 The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road
25 丝路基金 Silk Road Fund
26 推进“一带一路”建设工作领导小组 Steering Group for the Belt and Road Initiative
27 《推动共建丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路的愿景与行动》 Join Hands to Build a Silk Road Economic Belt and a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road – Vision and Actions
28 “五通” the “Five-pronged Approach”
29 利益共同体 the community of shared interests
30 责任共同体 the community of shared responsibility
31 命运共同体 the community of shared future
32 绿色丝绸之路 Silk Road of Green Development
33 健康丝绸之路 Silk Road of Health Cooperation
34 智力丝绸之路 Silk Road of Education and Innovation
35 和平丝绸之路 Silk Road of Peace
36 政策沟通 policy coordination
37 设施联通 connectivity of infrastructure
38 贸易畅通 unimpeded trade
39 资金融通 financial integration
40 民心相通 closer people-to-people ties
41 “一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛 The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
42 上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization
43 中国—东盟“10+1”机制 China-ASEAN (10+1) Cooperation Mechanism
44 亚太经济合作组织 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
45 亚欧会议 Asia-Europe Meeting
46 亚洲合作对话 Asia Cooperation Dialogue
47 亚信会议 Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia
48 中国—海合会战略对话 China-Gulf Cooperation Council Strategic Dialogue
49 大湄公河次区域经济合作 Greater Mekong Subregion Economic Cooperation
50 中亚区域经济合作 Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation
51 中蒙俄经济走廊 China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor
52 新亚欧大陆桥 New Eurasian Land Bridge
53 中国—中亚—西亚经济走廊 China-Central Asia-West Asia Economic Corridor
54 中国—中南半岛经济走廊 China-Indochina Peninsula Economic Corridor
55 中巴经济走廊 China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
56 孟中印缅经济走廊 Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Economic Corridor
57 中白工业园 China-Belarus Industrial Park
58 瓜达尔港自由区 Gwadar Port Free Zone
59 科伦坡港口城 Port City Colombo
60 中欧班列 China Railway Express
61 雅万高铁 Jakarta-Bandung Highspeed Railway
62 中老铁路 China-Laos Railway
63 中泰铁路 China-Thailand Railway
64 蒙内铁路 Mombasa-Nairobi Railway
65 亚的斯—阿达玛高速公路 Addis Ababa-Adama Expressway
66 卡洛特水电站 Karot Hydropower Project
67 埃及苏伊士经贸合作区 Egypt Suez Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone

 

来源:中国翻译协会 日期:2020年6月8日

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